I can calculate the motion of heavenly bodies but not the madness of people. -Isaac Newton

## Calculating K-S Statistic with Python

K-S statistic is a measure to evaluate the predictiveness of a statistical model for binary outcomes and has been widely used in direct marketing and risk modeling.

Below is a demonstration on how to calculate K-S statistic with less than 20 lines of python codes. In this piece of code snippet, I am also trying to show how to do data munging effectively with pandas and numpy packages.

As Wes McKinney pointed out in his book “Python for Data Analysis”, it is not necessary to become a proficient Python software developer in order to be a proficient Python data analyst.

In [1]: # IMPORT PACKAGES

In [2]: import pandas as pd

In [3]: import numpy as np

In [4]: # LOAD DATA FROM CSV FILE

In [6]: data.describe()
Out[6]:
count  5522.000000  5522.000000
mean      0.197573   693.466135
std       0.398205    57.829769
min       0.000000   443.000000
25%       0.000000   653.000000
50%       0.000000   692.500000
75%       0.000000   735.000000
max       1.000000   848.000000

In [7]: data['good'] = 1 - data.bad

In [8]: # DEFINE 10 BUCKETS WITH EQUAL SIZE

In [9]: data['bucket'] = pd.qcut(data.score, 10)

In [10]: # GROUP THE DATA FRAME BY BUCKETS

In [11]: grouped = data.groupby('bucket', as_index = False)

In [12]: # CREATE A SUMMARY DATA FRAME

In [13]: agg1 = grouped.min().score

In [14]: agg1 = pd.DataFrame(grouped.min().score, columns = ['min_scr'])

In [15]: agg1['max_scr'] = grouped.max().score

In [17]: agg1['goods'] = grouped.sum().good

In [18]: agg1['total'] = agg1.bads + agg1.goods

In [19]: agg1
Out[19]:
0      621      645   201    365    566
1      646      661   173    359    532
2      662      677   125    441    566
3      678      692    99    436    535
4      693      708    89    469    558
5      709      725    66    492    558
6      726      747    42    520    562
7      748      772    30    507    537
8      773      848    14    532    546
9      443      620   252    310    562

In [20]: # SORT THE DATA FRAME BY SCORE

In [21]: agg2 = (agg1.sort_index(by = 'min_scr')).reset_index(drop = True)

In [22]: agg2['odds'] = (agg2.goods / agg2.bads).apply('{0:.2f}'.format)

In [24]: # CALCULATE KS STATISTIC

In [25]: agg2['ks'] = np.round(((agg2.bads / data.bad.sum()).cumsum() - (agg2.goods / data.good.sum()).cumsum()), 4) * 100

In [26]: # DEFINE A FUNCTION TO FLAG MAX KS

In [27]: flag = lambda x: '<----' if x == agg2.ks.max() else ''

In [28]: # FLAG OUT MAX KS

In [29]: agg2['max_ks'] = agg2.ks.apply(flag)

In [30]: agg2
Out[30]:
0      443      620   252    310    562   1.23   44.84%  16.10
1      621      645   201    365    566   1.82   35.51%  26.29
2      646      661   173    359    532   2.08   32.52%  34.04
3      662      677   125    441    566   3.53   22.08%  35.55  <----
4      678      692    99    436    535   4.40   18.50%  34.78
5      693      708    89    469    558   5.27   15.95%  32.36
6      709      725    66    492    558   7.45   11.83%  27.30
7      726      747    42    520    562  12.38    7.47%  19.42
8      748      772    30    507    537  16.90    5.59%  10.72
9      773      848    14    532    546  38.00    2.56%  -0.00